Glossary - Numismatic definitions - Coins and Canada

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Definitions

Please select a term below.

Definitions

A

Accumulations

Accumulations are a group of die chips.

Antique

A collectible object such as a piece of furniture or work of art that has a high value because of its considerable age. In numismatic, it's a coin struck before the fall of the Roman Empire.

B

Billion

An alloy that contains gold or silver with copper or another base metal.

Blank or Planchet

Metal disc for the minting of a coin, a medal or a token.

Branch Mint

Place where coins, medals and tokens are produced.

C

Cameo

Frosted visual appearance of the design of a coin with a polished appearance of the field.

Carat

A unit of weight for precious stones and pearls, now equivalent to 200 milligrams.

Countermark

A punchmark applied to a coin by someone other than a monetary authority such as an advertiser.

D

Denticles

Ornamental pattern used on the edges of coins.

Die

Cylindrical steel piece engraved with the pattern of one side of a coin.

E

Effigy

A representation or model of a person on the obverse of a coin.

F

Field

Part of a coin characterized by the absence of design.

G

Groove (Reeded)

Grooves on the edge of a coin produced by the collar.

O

Obverse

Side of the coin with the effigy or with the main design.

P

Proof

Coin having a different and more refined manufacturing process than circulation coins. The corners and sides of Proof are polished to give a cameo-like effect. A proof coin is usually struck twice to see every detail.

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