Errors and varieties of canadian coins
Throughout the production process to create a coin, several issues can arise. When a coin shows an anomaly, it's either an error or a variety. Generally speaking, a variety, created intentionally or not, affects the design only and is generated even before the coin is produced, while an error is the result of an unintentional irregularity that happened during the production process.
The errors and varieties of Canadian coins can be divided into three categories:
The list of errors and varieties below is divided by category and ordered alphabetically.
Errors and varieties listed by Hans Zoell
Here are pictures from Coinsandcanada listed by Hans Zoell in his various publications.